Friday, April 30, 2010

Final Project: Peer Reaction to Race and Racism in Media

The concept of this blog was to make myself and others more aware of the underrepresentation or misrepresentation people of color endure in media. Throughout the course of my blog, I have learned there are many issues of race that I myself was not aware of despite being a Comparative Ethnic Studies major. The idea for this last blog post/final project is to interview Washington State University students from various educational backgrounds to compile a series of interviews on how they position themselves in relation to the media they consume and the misrepresentation and lack of representation of people of color within that media.

The five WSU students interviewed were diverse in terms of their areas of studies and views on racism.

The students were:
  1. Hank: Freshman, Business Major
  2. Tanya: Junior, Finance Major
  3. Hayley: Junior, Psychology Major
  4. Kevin: Senior, General Studies Major
  5. Emily: Senior, Political Science Major
They were all asked ten questions on race and media:
  1. How many hours a week do you watch T.V.?
  2. How many hours a week do you consume other media forms and/or advertising? (ex: blogs, message boards, pod casts, video sharing)
  3. How many hours a week do you participate in social networking sites? (ex: Facebook, Myspace, twitter)
  4. Is there a specific group of people of color that you feel is misrepresented or underrepresented in media?
  5. What are some stereotypes of Asians in media?
  6. What are some stereotypes of African Americans in media?
  7. What are some stereotypes of White people in media?
  8. Do you notice racism in unusual places like kids movies, Disney movies or advertising?
  9. Do you think its okay for people to be racist or for networks to air racist programing if it's for "comedy" or "entertainment"?
  10. Do you feel your perception of people of color is at all influenced by what you see about them on TV or in movies?
THE INTERVIEWS:

video

RESULTS FROM INTERVIEWS:

1. How many hours a week do you watch TV?
Hank: average of 14 hrs/week
Tanya: average of 2 hrs/week
Hayley: average of 70 hrs/week
Kevin: average of 15 hrs/week
Emily: average of 30 hrs/week

A study from the University of Michigan found T.V. consumption is at an all time high citing "TV viewing among kids is at an eight-year high. On average, children ages 2-5 spend 32 hours a week in front of a TV—watching television, DVDs, DVR and videos, and using a game console. Kids ages 6-11 spend about 28 hours a week in front of the TV. The vast majority of this viewing (97%) is of live TV" (http://www.med.umich.edu/yourchild/topics/tv.htm)

2. How many hours a week do you consumer other media forms and/or advertising? (ex: blogs, message boards, pod casts, video sharing)?
Hank: average of 3 hrs/week
Tanya: average of 0-1 hrs/week
Hayley: average of 0-1 hrs/week
Kevin: average of 0-1 hrs/week
Emily: average of 0-1 hrs/week

Youtube is an example of "other media."
Ari Shaffir aka "the Amazing Racist" has been posing videos on YouTube portraying his racist views and activities. His videos often get over 5 million views and are extremely offensive, yet YouTube continues to allow these videos to be posted. Here is a link to one of his videos.

3. How many hours a week do you participate in social networking sites? (ex: Facebook, Myspace, twitter)?
Hank: average of 21 hrs/week
Tanya: average of 4 hrs/week
Hayley: average of 4 hrs/week
Kevin: average of 20-25 hrs/week
Emily: unknown (was asked but could not estimate)

Facebook groups contain racist content such as calls for the death of President Obama with racist pictures of him. Other groups like one called "Men's Rights" contains vulgar posts of racism as well as sexism and its location is Pullman, Washington.

4. Is there a specific group of people of color that you feel is misrepresented or underrepresented in media?
Hank: felt Asians were underrepresented
Tanya: felt all minority groups were underrepresented
Hayley: felt all minority groups were underrepresented
Kevin: felt Asians were underrepresented
Emily: felt Indians were underrepresented

5. What are some stereotypes of Asians in media?
Hank: smart, "brilliant"
Tanya: smart, good at math
Hayley: smart, "karate types," bad drivers
Kevin: doctors, nerds, they have "high-end jobs"
Emily: bad drivers

6. What are some stereotypes of African Americans in media?
Hank: ghetto, do drugs
Tanya: ghetto, "players," gangsters
Hayley: low-income, gangster/ghetto
Kevin: thugs, street smart
Emily: gangsters

7. What are some stereotypes of White people in media?
Hank: positive
Tanya: broad, "white-collar," positive with the exception of "hillbilly"
Hayley: always in suits, "Leave it to Beaver" types, all-American
Kevin: with the exception of the "hillbilly" are positive
Emily: successful, rich, positive

8. Do you notice racism in unusual places like Disney movies or advertising?
Hank: yes, in advertising
Tanya: yes
Hayley: yes
Kevin: no
Emily: no
The Lion King is Disney's most popular family films. Despite the popularity, many critics noted racial undertones within the film such as the three hyenas who were supposed portrayals of African Americans who were hustlers, living in the ghetto (elephant graveyard) and one with an obvious drug addiction. Here is a critique of the film. This billboard advertising for Tecate beer boasts "finally, a cold Latina."

9. Do you think its okay for people to be racist or for networks to show racist programing if it's for "comedy" or "entertainment"?
Hank: yes
Tanya: no
Hayley: yes, to a certain extent
Kevin: yes
Emily: yes, for comedy

10. Do you feel your perception of people of color is at all influenced by what you see about them on TV or in movies?
Hank: yes
Tanya: yes
Hayley: yes
Kevin: yes
Emily: no

In conclusion, all but one of the interviewees felt it was okay for people to be racist or for networks to show racist programing if it was for "comedy" or "entertainment" purposes, yet all but one recognized that their perception of people of color was influenced by what they saw about those people on TV or in movies.

Overall, media is an institution that practices policies that constitute a globalized perception of people of color that stresses the economic and social inequalities between people. These inequalities are on a global scale yet TV, films, advertisements and other media capitalize on these inequalities to reap the benefits from global consumers who have the power to reinforce the racist stereotypes attached to people of color.

Thursday, April 15, 2010

Resist and Change: Alternatives to the Norm


The truth is Media is dominated by images of white privilege with little outlet for people of color to get accurate representation. Because it has become clear people are being influenced by what they see on T.V. isn't time consumers demand more from it? Isn't it time change be made to those outlets who reinforce the racial binary and promote the underrepresention of people of color in media be held accountable for the damaging stereotypes they reinforce?

A study by the University of Michigan found:
  • "TV viewing among kids is at an eight-year high. On average, children ages 2-5 spend 32 hours a week in front of a TV—watching television, DVDs, DVR and videos, and using a game console. Kids ages 6-11 spend about 28 hours a week in front of the TV. The vast majority of this viewing (97%) is of live TV" (http://www.med.umich.edu/yourchild/topics/tv.htm)


Yet despite the diverse place the United States has become, representation of such diversity is not apparent in media. This article by ABC news shows interesting paradigms on the underrepresented minority in media http://abcnews.go.com/2020/Stossel/story?id=2412723&page=1

Comedians often use "humor" to reinforce racial stereotypes. This racial stereotype reinforcement is rarely acknowledged because it is viewed as "entertainment" and "funny."
  • Dave Chappelle
  • George Lopez
  • Jay Leno
  • Conan O'brien
  • Ari Shaffir (aka "the Amazing Racist")



Ari Shaffir aka "the Amazing Racist" has been posing videos on YouTube portraying his racist views and activities. Here is an example of one of his videos:

His videos often get over 5 million views and are extremely offensive, yet YouTube continues to allow these videos to be posted.

As a woman of color, and as a consumer of television and other forms of media, I expect representation. Since its seems impossible for a television show to be made about a woman of color, going to college and being effected by messages in media, I have to look for ways to voice my concern and make others aware of the racial binary media creates and continually reinforces.

Click HERE to open the feedback tool

Friday, April 9, 2010

Resource Guide

This is a comprehensive list of helpful resources available for anyone interested in learning more about race and how media enforces the notions of racism and hinders the breakdown of the racial binary.

1. http://www.yale.edu/ypq/articles/oct99/oct99b.html
"Mass Media and Racism" by Dr. Stephen Balkaran
Essay on the history and theories of racism and key events that have been influenced by media.

2. http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/articles/diversity/stand_racism_media.cfm
"Taking a Stand Against Racism in the Media" by Carol Tator
A progressive article discussing the fundamental role media has in enforcing racial binaries. Takes an active approach and suggest ways in which un-racial media can be possible.

3. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/383480/bias_in_the_media_racism_sexism_and.html?cat=9
"Bias in the Media: Racism, Sexism and Homophobia" by Lisa Grace
An article that takes an opinionated look at the different facets of inequality in mass media. Also looks at Sexism and gay issues.

4. http://www.inthesetimes.com/article/3538/
"Missing: Minorities in Media" by Laura S. Washington
An article on the absence of people of color in media. This article points to specific events, both historical and contemporary issues to disclaim the notion of a color-blind society.

5. http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/issues/stereotyping/ethnics_and_minorities/index.cfm
Media Portrayals of Ethnic and Visible Minorities: Introduction by Media Awareness Network
An educational essay on the absence of minorities and unrealistic depictions of people of color in media.

6. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/insidelocalnews/behind_women.html
"Women/Minorities in Media" by PBS
A PBS network narrative on the overall absence of people of color in media. Specifically notes the absence and inaccuracy of Black women in media.

7. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-06-15-missing-minorities_x.htm
"Spotlight skips cases of missing minorities" by Mark Memmott, USA TODAY
A USA Today article on the media's selection of "missing person's" cases to broadcast.

8. http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2005/08/b959321.html
"Remove the Barriers to Minorities in Media" by Mark Lloyd
An article discussing the issues on the glorification of the Black male gangster on network television.

9. http://www.collegian.psu.edu/archive/1999/09/09-14-99tdc/09-14-99dops-column.asp
"Media images of minorities contribute to cultural problems" by the Daily Collegian Online
An article linking media's imaging of people of color to significant societal problems facing people of color.

10. http://www.marketingcharts.com/television/minorities-women-underrepresented-on-cable-news-448/
"Minorities, Women Underrepresented on Cable News" by Media Matters
Charts available showing the underrepsentation of people of color in News programs as well as women.

11. http://dailyuw.com/2001/3/2/o2.fridayconv/
"Are minorities really under represented in the media?" by Bob Larner
An article that takes a skeptical look at people of color in media. Links the "unreality" to reality television.

12. http://mmtconline.org/
Minority Media and Telecom Council website.

13. http://www.namme.org/
Nation Association of Minority Media Executives website.

14. http://www.allbusiness.com/information/internet-publishing-broadcasting/707168-1.html
"The Portrayal of Racial Minorities on Prime Time Television" by Dana E. Mastro
An article on the lack of people of color in prime time television. Breaks down statistics of such by racial group.

15. http://www.asianweek.com/2009/08/25/lack-of-minority-representation-in-media/
"Lack of Minority Representation in Media" by AsiaWeek.com
An article calling for a change in media.

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